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A 50-megawatt onshore wind farm is currently operating in Scotland, and technology giant Amazon will buy all of its production.
According to ScottishPower, part of the Iberdrola Group, the Beinn an Tuirc 3 facility has 14 turbines and is capable of generating enough electricity to power about 46,000 household equivalents.
In a statement released Thursday, ScottishPower said Amazon would “purchase 100 percent of the power coming from this wind farm and the energy generated will support Amazon and Amazon Web Services … data centers, corporate offices and delivery centers in the UK”.
The above agreement is an electricity purchase agreement or PPA. Simply put, a PPA is a deal in which an energy producer sells power to a business at a fixed price over a period of time.
ScottishPower said the Beinn an Tuirc 3, located on the Kintyre Peninsula in western Scotland, was built without the need for a government support scheme. PPA, the company said, has provided corporate customers with “precision” as well as “reducing their carbon footprint”.
Amazon’s total carbon footprint in 2020 was 60.64 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent, up 19 percent from the previous year.
The company’s Scope 1 emissions, or direct emissions, rose to 9.62 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent, an increase of 67% over the previous year. .
The company’s carbon intensity in 2020 – a gram of CO2 equivalent per dollar of gross sales – fell 16 percent year-over-year.
Over the past few years, a number of large firms have gone on strike to PPA to buy renewable energy. For example, in September, Norwegian company Statkraft said it had launched a long-term purchase deal for a floating offshore wind farm, dubbed the “largest in the world”.
According to the electricity purchase agreement between Statkraft and manufacturer Kincardine Offshore Windfarm Ltd, the previous “floating wind project will purchase all electricity at a guaranteed minimum price per MW” [megawatt hour] Until 2029. “
In July 2020, Danish energy business Orsted and semiconductor manufacturer TSMC signed a 20-year contract in which TSMC will purchase all production from a 920 MW offshore wind farm near Taiwan.