KKR on Monday announced the end of a term with founders Henry Kravis and George Roberts, who said they were stepping down immediately to allow colleagues Scott Nuttall and Joseph Bay to become CEOs.
The founders of KKR, along with their original partner Jerome Kolberg, who left the firm in 1987 and died in 2015, created acquisitions in the 1960s and ’70s.
KKR bought the business by making small payments, and the companies that bought it borrowed the rest of the purchase price, which made the companies responsible for the return. Borrowed companies require borrowed money as amortization – operating costs and their tax rates fall sharply.
First, they bought companies through LBOs for Bear Stearns and then launched their own firms.
“It was something the KKR guys invented. It really had to do with tax breaks,” said John Kahn, founder of Madison Dearborn, a private equity firm, in a reporter’s book, Buy America. funded as.
By the early 1990s, LBO firms had renamed themselves as private joint stock firms. This happened after Michael Douglas portrayed a corporate raid hero like Kravis in Wall Street.
KKR has also become a new field involving investment in technology and infrastructure – and it has grown all over the world, especially in Asia.
According to the firm, KKR has carried out private equity transactions worth $ 655 billion since its inception. It currently owns companies ranging from 1-800-Contacts, Gibson Guitars and US Foods to Envision Healthcare Hospitals.
A KKR spokesperson said of Kravis and Roberts, “They started the business to do better than they found their companies, while at the same time bringing good returns to KKR investors.”
The firm is one of the largest private employers in the country through its enterprises, which manage more than one million employees.
So what were his biggest accomplishments and misses?
- KKR has invested $ 400 million in 2018, valued at $ 2 billion from mobile gaming software maker AppLovin. AppLovin was released to the public this year and is currently valued at $ 33 billion. KKR earned more than $ 6 billion.
- KKR invested just $ 132 million in 1986 to buy the Safeway supermarket chain for $ 4.3 billion. After 17 years, KKR earned more than $ 7 billion.
- In 1972, the founders of Bear Stearns acquired Vapor Corp., a manufacturer of door opening systems for public transit networks. They have invested $ 4.4 million and will generate 12 times the revenue in six years. In 1975, it was returned 22 times as a result of the acquisition of Incom by the Rockwell division, which makes gears and filters.
- KKR attracted the first infrastructure fund in 2011 and raised $ 1 billion. This year, it has amassed a $ 14 billion infrastructure fund, which has significantly increased the firm’s revenue and earnings.
- KKR bought RJR Nabisco in 1986 for $ 30 billion under a contract written in the book and film “Barbarians at the Gate”. Eventually, KKR switched half of its RJR shares to Borden Inc. and most of Borden went bankrupt.
- KKR ran the largest LBO of all time in 2007, buying Dallas utilities for $ 45 billion. Seven years later, the bankrupt KKR lost nearly $ 4 billion.
- KKR bought Toys R Us in 2005 for $ 6.6 billion. The chain was disbanded in 2017 and after a mass protest, KKR donated $ 10 million to the Workers ’Dismissal Fund.